Wednesday, September 7, 2011

How to Check Oracle Version?

we can find oracle database installed version from two way . see follow

1) From inside oracle


a) CMD> sqlplus /nolog

b) SQL> SELECT * FROM v$version ;


d) SQL> select * from product_component_version;

2) from OS


G:\app\Administrator\product\11.1.0\db_1\OPatch> set Oracle_home=G:\app\Administrator\product\11.1.0\db_1

G:\app\Administrator\product\11.1.0\db_1\OPatch>opatch lsinventory

B) $ORACLE_HOME/bin/svrmgrl command=exit | grep "Release"

c) $ORACLE_HOME/bin/oracle | grep NLSRTL

d) from “sqlnet.log’ file .

Monday, September 5, 2011

How to skip a wrongly deleted datafile when you want to open a oracle database ?


You cannot drop a datafile without open state of database .

so you have to offline the datafile .

in Archive log mode

SQL>alter database datafile '.../test.dbf' offline ;

in noarchive log mode

SQL>alter database datafile '.../test.dbf' offline drop ;

It does nothing more than taking offline the file.
DROP option is mandatory in NOARCHIVELOG mode and is ignored in ARCHIVELOG mode.

we take datafile with "offline drop" then we can't back datafile online.
but You can do it until the offline SCN goes out of the online redo logs.
So how long depends on your logs size and workload.


SQL> select log_mode from v$database;


SQL> alter database datafile 11 offline drop;

Database altered.

SQL> recover datafile 11;
Media recovery complete.

SQL> alter database datafile 11 online;

Database altered.

Restrictions for Dropping Datafiles

The following are restrictions for dropping datafiles and tempfiles:

The database must be open.

If a datafile is not empty, it cannot be dropped.

If you must remove a datafile that is not empty and that cannot be made empty by dropping schema objects, you must drop the tablespace that contains the datafile.

You cannot drop the first or only datafile in a tablespace.

This means that DROP DATAFILE cannot be used with a bigfile tablespace.

You cannot drop datafiles in a read-only tablespace.

You cannot drop datafiles in the SYSTEM tablespace.

If a datafile in a locally managed tablespace is offline, it cannot be dropped.